TURKEY - Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti: Turkey) called Türkiye (Turkey: Türkiye) is a large country in Central Eurasia. Its territory stretches from the Anatolian Peninsula in Southwest Asia and the Balkans in southeastern Europe. Turkey borders the Black Sea to the North; Bulgaria to the Northwest; Greece and the Aegean Sea to the West; Georgia to the Northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the East; and Iraq and Syria to the Southeast; and the Mediterranean Sea to the South. The sea of Marmara that is part of Turkey used to mark the limits of the territory of Europe and Asia, so Turkey is known as the country of transkontinental.

The nation of Turkey began migrating into the area called Turkey in the 11th century. This migration process accelerated after the victory of the Seljuks against the Byzantine Empire at the battle of Manzikert. Some of the Beylik (Emirate of Turkey) and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the invasion of the Mongol Empire. Start of the 13th century, the Ottoman beylik encompassing unify Anatolia and formed the Imperial garrison penetrated most of southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa. After the Ottoman Empire collapsed after the defeat in World War I, most of its territory was occupied by the Allies won WORLD WAR i. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk then organizing the resistance movement against the allies. In 1923, this successful resistance movement founded the Modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk served as its first President.

The capital city of Turkey is Ankara's most important and largest city is Istanbul. Caused by its strategic location at the intersection of two continents, Turkey's culture is a blend of Eastern and Western cultures are frequently introduced as a unique bridge between the two civilizations. The existence of a strong area of the Adriatic to China in the path of land between Russia and India, Turkey has gained an increasingly growing strategic interests.

Turkey is a democratic, constitutional, secular, and unified. Turkey has been gradually merged with the West while at the same time establishing relationships with the world of the East. The country is one of the founding members of the United Nations, the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the OECD, and the OSCE, as well as the Member States of the Council of Europe since 1949, and of NATO since 1952. Since 2005, Turkey is the only Muslim country first to negotiate joining the European Union, after a member of the Coalition since 1963. Turkey is also a member of the G20 industrial nations which bring together 20 fruit economy is the largest in the world.

historic places in Turkey:
  • Cappadocia

Cappadocia is a locality in the province of Nevşehir parts of Asia that has many charms, both from a cultural, historical or geological. Cappadocia is famous for its stone site unique and spacious, especially the tower and the ancient stone houses that make you feel like he was fantasizing. In Cappadocia, you can see bangunanb-a building made of stone are intact then perforated. In the town of Urgup, Guzelyurt, and there is a hotel in Uchisar, offers you the thrill of staying in a building like this. Here you can also catch the underground cities. If you want to experience something different, you can take a hot-air balloon because the area Cappadocia is very broad.
  • Selcuk

For those of you who want to know more about the history of ancient Rome and Greece, Selcuk is a town proper. In a town in Izmir is a tourist attraction called Ephesus Archaeological Site. Here you can find a variety of relics such as the Library of Celsius, the Temple of Arteemis, The Great Theater, and the Terrace House.
  • Pamukkale

Pamukkale or Fort this Cotton is a natural tourist attraction in the form of hot springs that form naturally due to the earthquake which occurred thousands of years ago. Naturally, this region formed pools with hot water that flows like a waterfall. Pamukkale has 17 located Gorges with water temperature ranging between 37 degrees to 100 degrees Celsius. The expanse of white stones around the pond — that looks like cotton — the mineral calcium is formed through natural phenomena. This area is one of the UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Topkapi Palace

This Palace is a palace complex that was once the Foundation of the shelter Turkey Ottoman Sultan and court officials, as well as the seat of Government, where the host State, event and entertainment Empire. At its peak, the Palace was inhabited by 4,000 people. The Palace was built in 1459. Now, the Topkapi Palace museum. Here you can see a collection of items such as jewelry and treasure Palace relics of the Ottoman Empire. As the area was in the hilly land between the sea of Marmara and the Bosphorus Strait, you can see a beautiful view when you visit this place.
  • Blue Mosque

Mosque located in Istanbul is known as the Blue Mosque because of the interior walls are decorated with 20,000 pieces of ceramic blue. The mosque, with the original name of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque has a classic style of Islamic architecture and Ottoman. It has nine Domes mosque (one of the main dome and eight secondary dome _ and six minarets. The mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 by order of the Sultan Ahmed Sultan Ahmad I. I then buried in the courtyard of the mosque. Blue Mosque until now is still used as a mosque and is a major mosque in Istanbul.
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