REPUBLIC OF CHINA (CHINA)


REPUBLIC OF CHINA (CHINA) - The people's Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国; Traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; pinyin Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó:, abbreviated to China; Since June 28, 1967 to March 14, 2014 is also called the people's Republic of China/PRC or People's Republic of China/PRC, literally: people's Republic Chinese) is a State located in East Asia, which is based in Beijing. The country has the largest population in the world (approximately 1.35 billion inhabitants) and area 9,69 million square kilometres, making it the 4th largest in the world. This country was founded in 1949 after the end of the Chinese civil war, and since then, led by a single party, i.e., the Communist Party of China (CCP). Though often seen as a Communist country, most economies of the Republic have been diswastakan since the 1980s. However, the Government still oversees its economy politically especially with government-owned enterprises and the banking sector. Politically, it still remains a one-party Government.

As the country with the largest population in the world, with a population exceeding 1,363 billion (2014), the majority is Chinese. To suppress the population, the Government actively encouraged the policy of one child. Mainland China is a term used to refer to the area under the rule of CHINA and does not include the special administrative regions Hong Kong and Macau, while the name Republic of China refers to the entity that had once ruled China since 1912 until its defeat in the Chinese civil war. The current Republic of China rule the island of Taiwan, and based in Taipei, is therefore commonly known as Chinese Taipei, especially in sports events. CHINA claims the territory belongs to the Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) but not ruled, while the Republic of China claims sovereignty over all of mainland China, which is currently controlled by the PRC. (see also: political Status of Taiwan)

China's economy has the largest and most complex in the world for over two thousand years, along with some of the heyday and downfall. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China became the country with the fastest growing economy in the world. Per 2013, the country became the second largest economy in the world by total nominal GDP and PPP, as well as being the largest importers and exporters in the world. China is a country that has nuclear weapons and has the world's largest active army, with the world's second-largest military spending. CHINA became a member of the United Nations in 1971, where he replaced the Republic of China, as permanent members of the UN Security Council. China also became a member of a variety of other organizations such as the WTO, APEC, the BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BCIM and G-20. China is a major power in Asia, and becomes a potential superpower, according to some observers.

places of interest in china, namely:
  • Great Wall

The Great Wall, the great wall was built in the fifth century BC, the period of the Warring States, the third century BC, Qin Shi Huang unified China, sent three hundred thousand troops led by Penpower North by the Huns after the construction of the Great Wall segment connecting, and continue to build. The next expansion of sustainable maintenance history, the Ming dynasty to the middle of the seventeenth century, not years, before and after the construction of a thousand years.
The miracle of human history

The great wall was built long continuous time, large amounts of heavy engineering and construction, the historical and cultural connotations of rich, indeed the world of ancient works are difficult to compare. Modern Chinese revolutionary pioneer Sun Yat-sen's great democratic Comment Wall says: "China's most famous works are the great wall also ... .... Works great, no other ancient horse, one of the wonders of the world. " Former U.s. President Richard Nixon during the visit after the great wall, says: ". Only a great nation, in order to come to a large building such as the great wall, "so, the great wall as a marvel of human history, in 1987 was included in the" World Heritage list ", deserves.
These large projects not only in China in the world, is unique, and because of that a few hundred years ago with the Roman Colosseum, the leaning tower of Pisa, etc. as one of the seven wonders of the Medieval World.
  • The forbidden city in Beijing
Beijing forbidden city was the Imperial Palace in the Ming and Qing dynasties, also known as the forbidden city. Ancient palaces "as Tianli Palace" to indicate monarkis "mandate of heaven." As King of the Emperor, the emperor to live like heaven "Purple Palace", called the forbidden city. The Imperial Palace was built during the years of Emperor Yongle (1406), the Yongle eighteen years (1420) was built. After the Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty 24 two emperors. Illegal scale, covering 720.000 square meters, building area of more than 150,000 square meters, with housing 9999 and half, is an ancient Palace the largest and most complete in the world.

In order to highlight the highest authority of the Emperor, the forbidden city has a North-South axis through the Miyagi, in this line, the axis corresponds to "ex-bed," an ancient system, the layout of the Imperial Rescript, a symbol of the regime of the three middle halls (Wo Hall, Hall of Eternal Harmony) and Empress live after Sannomiya (the Palace of Heavenly Purity, Jiao Tai Temple, Kunning). On the part of the Neiting (dry clean doors North), about the formation of the master lived in palaces--a period of Qianlong, and lived in the Palace — Palace as the Cishou toffee Centre secondary axis, where the two axis of the minor towards outside again, and Ethernet and a door to the left, with ZTE Wenhua, Wu Ying echoes. Two minor axis and the central axis between the Palace Hall of Mental Cultivation and vegetarian, Princess consort of life afterwards is something the Palace. For defensive needs, the periphery of the Palace has been built 10 meters from the walls, the four corners of the Tower, outside the trenches.
  • Chengde Mountain Resort

in Chengde City, Hebei province, China. What is the summer palace of the Qing dynasty emperor of China. 230 km from Beijing. By the Emperor's Palace, the Royal gardens and the magnificent temple complex is formed. Chengde Mountain Resort is situated in the city centre, North of the narrow valley floor Wulie region of the West Bank, which was founded in 1703, after the Qing dynasty three generations of Emperor Kangxi, Yongzheng and: Qianlong, taking 89 years is completed. Villa layout of buildings can be divided into two of the most beautiful areas of the Palace and Yuan Yuan, the area can be divided into the Lake District, the Plains and the mountains in three parts. There is a Kangxi Qian Longqin given 72 times. It has a temple, a church, buildings, museums, Pavilion, Pavilion, home, Villa, fasting, temples, and other buildings of more than 100. The most prominent feature is a mountain in the Park, garden and mountains.

The summer Mountain Resort is a Qing emperor's summer and deals with the Affairs of the administration of the site, such as the famous ancient Palace of Imperial China, was built during the reign of four years (1703), built in Qianlong 55 years lasted 87 years. Mountain Resort covers an area of 5.640.000 square metres, surrounded by walls and down the meandering Villa meters, is China's largest Imperial garden remains a classic. Equivalent to two times the summer palace, Beihai Park has eight large. Compared with Beijing's Forbidden City, the Summer Resort Village with a simple and elegant style, the rustic charm of the landscape character, absorb views of Jiangnan Saibei into being the largest castle area in the ancient Chinese Empire. Mountain Resort and Outlying Temples is an organic whole is inextricably linked, but also have a strong contrast of different styles, summer resort that is simple and elegant, and the surrounding magnificent temples. This is the Emperor's handle relationships
  • Huangshan

Huangshan, Huangshan City in Anhui Province, the whole town of Yixian County, Xiuning and Huangshan District, Huizhou District, an area of 1.078 square kilometers. Huangshan is one of three mountain Sanshanwuyue. Huangshan Scenic beauty of the natural scenery, pine, rocks, clouds, hot water, Huangshan snow winter Su says, "five no", both local and foreign visitors of the Festival. Huangshan 82 peaks, or Cui Wei's powerful, or the sheer beauty, patchwork layout, naturally Qiao Cheng, and the Heavenly Capital Peak, Lotus Peak, the light of the Summit's three main peak as a Centre for the dissemination of up to three weeks, falling into the Valley of the valleys, the mountains and taken up to the cliff.
Huangshan has a long history, deep in the six or seven thousand years ago, the century BC 51, China Society of post matriarchal, humans have been beautiful and fertile mountain work and live it.

In the back three, four thousand years the Shang period, here called the mountain inhabited by more ancestors. Bai Yue Yue is one. In the spring and Autumn Period, here is the first Wu, Wu more deaths, more deaths of Chu. Qin Shi Huang unified later, implementation of the prefectures and counties, here area Hueiji County. Southern dynasty began to establish new weapons, but never out of the area of the ancient city of Xinanjiang relocation upstream of Huizhou Xin, the source of the cover for this.

Song Huizong vision and May 2003, 24, (AD 1141), Shezhou have been withdrawn to Huizhou. On the origin of the name Huizhou, the territory's coat of arms, the emblem of his water Ridge, the great emblem of the village and so forth, because of his name, another Song dynasty Zhao said is to take "a symbol of goodness" is meant to show off his territory back. The coexistence of these two hundred years, that the eight countries also used since ancient Qing Kangxi Emperor six years (AD 1667) when was the Elimination of Anqing, Huizhou two provincial government as the first word of the name.
  • Guilin

Guilin, Guilin Lijiang River Scenic Area is the largest and most beautiful karst landscape tourist area is beautiful in the world, thousands of years I do not know how many people intoxicated letter. Guilin landscape Center of Guilin, Larix Lingqu North, South to the Yangshuo Li River, water connected. Guilin to "green hills, the strange hole," a famous Ruin. One River (Lijiang), two holes (Reed Flute Cave, Seven Star Crags), three mountain (the Solitary Beauty Peak, Folded Brocade Hill, Fubo Hill) most representative.
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