Animals World

Orang Utan

Animals World - Orang utan (or orangutans, another name is mawas) is a species of great apes with long arms and reddish or brown furry, who lived in Indonesia and Malaysia to tropical forests, especially on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

The Bornean orangutan
, Pongo pygmaeus, is a species of orangutan native to the island of Borneo. Along with the smaller Sumatran orangutan, Bornean orangutan belonging to the genus pongo can be found in Asia. The Bornean orangutan has a long life time for 35 to 40 years in the wild, while in captivity can reach the age of 60 years.

Bornean orangutan or Pongo
pygmaeus is a species of orangutans, besides the Sumatran orangutan. As the name implies, the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) live on the island of Borneo and the endemic species of the island.

Although its population more than the Sumatran orangutan, Bornean orangutan, but by no means free from the threat of extinction. The Bornean orangutan is one of the rare Indonesia wildlife with the conservation status endangered (threatened).

This animal has the latin name Pongo pygmaeus. While in the United Kingdom known as the Bornean Orangutan. The Bornean orangutan is made up of three subspecies namely Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus, Pongo pygmaeus morio, and Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii.
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Characteristics of the task force and the Bornean Orangutan. Bornean orangutan does not vary much with his brother, the Sumatran orangutan. Her posture was greater than the Sumatran orangutan. The Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) had a body weight of approximately 50–100 kg (males) and 30-50 kg (females) with an average height of 1.5 meters.
Son of Bornean orangutan

Its feathers are brown reddish, have a long and strong arms, short legs, and does not have a tail. The male Bornean orangutan has a lump of fatty tissue on both sides of the face, which began to develop in adulthood after his first marriage.

The Bornean orangutan is an omnivorous animal although it preferred plants. Its diet is fruit, leaves, tree bark, flowers, bird eggs, insects, and other small vertebrates. Animals endemic to Borneo it is active during the day (diurnal). They communicate by voice.

Area, population, Distribution and conservation. As animals endemic to kalimantan, orangutan is only found in Borneo (Indonesia and Malaysia). Its Habitat is forests in lowland areas to the mountainous area with an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level.

Subspecies of Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus (Bornean Orangutan Northwest) can be found in some parts of Borneo (Malaysia) and Northwestern Borneo. Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii subspecies (Central Bornean Orangutan) in Central Kalimantan and the southern parts of West kalimantan. While the subspecies of Pongo pygmaeus morio (Northeast Bornean Orangutan) are found in East Kalimantan (Indonesia) and Sabah (Malaysia).

The Bornean orangutan population is indeed more than his brother Sumatran orangutan. Its population is estimated at between 45,000 and 69,000 tail (Caldecott and Miles 2005). Some locations that become the habitat of this rare endemic animals include Betung Kerihun National Park (2000 tail), TN Danau Sentarum (500), Bukit Baka Bukit Raya TN (175 tail), TN Mountain Troughs (2,500-tail), and the Cavity as well as Parai (1000 tail).

The Bornean orangutan population is increasingly day decline due to destruction of habitat (destruction of forests), forest fires, logging of forests, the forest area of menciutnya, as well as the hunting and trading of wild.

IUCN Redlist because it incorporates the Bornean orangutan in a status of endangered (threatened) since 1994. While the CITES list Appendix I include it in the meaning should not be traded. The Government of Indonesia also have included this species as protected wildlife.

Scientific classification: Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Chordata; Class: Mammalia; Order: Primates; Family: Hominidae; Genus: Pongo; Species: Pongo pygmaeus.
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