TOKYO (JAPAN)


TOKYO (JAPAN)
– Japan's capital Tokyo is a big city, now housed at the center of Japan and close to Mount Fuji is already very metropolis and also the most densely populated. This is apparent from one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, consisting of 23 wards town centre and a number of cities, towns and villages in the West of the city centre. The Izu Islands and the Ogasawara is also part of Tokyo.




Earlier in the year 1868, Tokyo was known as Edo. A small fortress town on the 16th-century, Edo became a political centre in Japan in 1603 when Tokugawa Ieyasu established a feudal Government there. Some time later, Edo has grown into one of the world's most densely populated. With the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the Emperor and moved the capital from Kyoto to Edo, after it was renamed Tokyo ("Eastern capital"). Most of Tokyo was destroyed in the great Kanto earthquake in 1923 and in the air raid of 1945.

Tokyo offers a selection of seemingly endless shopping, dining, and entertainment culture to visitors. History of the city can be appreciated in the County such as Asakusa, and in the excellent museum, historic temples and gardens. Contrary to common perception, Tokyo also offers a number of attractive green space in the city centre and in the course of a relatively short train in the suburbs.

Many bars and clubs lining, Tokyo has skyscrapers and modern metropolis, a city of neon, electronic stores, and shopping malls, great. At the same time, several shrines, temples, restaurants, sushi, soba, public baths, as well as lodging, Tokyo is also a city of history and tradition back to life. There are many art galleries and museums, unusual in the museum of the parasite. And of course the Tsukiji fish Market, and a boat trip on the Sumida River, and karaoke are also popular in Tokyo.

  • East Shinjuku Tokyo



Shinjuku (新宿) is a central ward of Tokyo, known as the metropolis' second center (副都心, fukutoshin). The area surrounding Shinjuku Station is a huge business, commercial, and entertainment center located atop the world's busiest railway station complex. To the north lies Takadanobaba, where students from nearby Waseda University cross paths. The residential areas of Yotsuya and Ichigaya, with their many small restaurants and drinking establishments, lie to the east. Kagurazaka, one of Tokyo's last remaining hanamachi (geisha districts), is also home to some of the city's most authentic French and Italian restaurants. Over 300,000 people--including nearly 30,000 foreign residents--call Shinjuku their home, and the city offers a wide variety of options for work or play. 
  • Akihabara Tokyo
Akihabara (秋葉原?) is a district in the Chiyoda ward of Tokyo, Japan. The name Akihabara is a shortening of Akibagahara (秋葉が原?, "autumn leaf field"), which ultimately comes from Akiba (アキバ?), named after a fire-controlling deity for a firefighting shrine built after the area was destroyed by a fire in 1869.

Akihabara gained the nickname Akihabara Electric Town (秋葉原電気街 Akihabara Denki Gai?) shortly after World War II for being a major shopping center for household electronic goods and the post-war black market.[2][3] Nowadays, Akihabara is considered by many to be an otaku cultural center and a shopping district for video games, anime, manga, and computer goods. Icons from popular anime and manga are displayed prominently on the shops in the area, and numerous maid cafés are found throughout the district.
Akihabara is a Yamanote Line from Tokyo Station 2 Station.The main area of Akihabara is located on a street just west of Akihabara Station, where most of the major shops are situated. Most of the electronics shops are just west of the station, and the anime and manga shops and the cosplay cafés are north of them.[2]The area that is now Akihabara was once near a city gate of Edo and served as a passage between the city and northwestern Japan. This made the region a home to many craftsmen and tradesmen, as well as some low class samurai. One of Tokyo’s frequent fires destroyed the area in 1869, and the people decided to replace the buildings of the area with a shrine called Chinkasha, meaning fire extinguisher shrine, in an attempt to prevent the spread of future fires. The locals nicknamed the shrine Akiba after a deity that could control fire, and the area around it became known as Akibagahara and later Akihabara.

n 1890, the Akihabara Station became a major freight transit point, which allowed a vegetable and fruit market to spring up in the district. Then, in the 1920s, the station saw a large volume of passengers after opening for public transport, and after World War II, the black market thrived in the absence of a strong government. This disconnection of Akihabara from government authority has allowed the district to grow as a market city and given rise to an excellent atmosphere for entrepreneurship.[3] In the 1930s, this climate turned Akihabara into a future-oriented market region specializing in household electronics, such as washing machines, refrigerators, televisions, and stereos, earning Akihabara the nickname "Electric Town".

As household electronics began to lose their futuristic appeal in about the 1980s, the shops of Akihabara shifted their focus to home computers at a time when they were only used by specialists and hobbyists. This new specialization brought in a new type of consumer, computer nerds or otaku. The market in Akihabara naturally latched onto their new customer base that was focused on anime, manga, and video games. The connection between Akihabara and otaku has survived and grown to the point that the region is now known worldwide as a center for otaku culture, and most otaku even consider Akihabara to be a sacred place.
On Sunday, June 8, 2008 at 12:33 JST, a man drove into a crowd with a truck, then stabbed at least 12 people using a dagger. Seven died and ten were injured. Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department arrested Tomohiro Katō (加藤 智大 Katō Tomohiro?), 25, on suspicion of attempted murder, later being re-arrested weeks later on suspicion of murder. Kato was eventually sentenced to death by the Tokyo District Court in 2011, and the sentence was upheld on appeal in 2012.

The influence of otaku culture has shaped Akihabara's businesses and buildings to reflect the interests of otaku and gained the district worldwide fame for its distinctive imagery. Akihabara tries to create an atmosphere as much like the game and anime worlds the customers are used to as is possible. The streets of Akihabara are covered with anime and manga icons, and cosplayers line the sidewalks handing out advertisements, especially for maid cafés. The idol group AKB48, one of Japan's highest selling contemporary musical acts, runs its own theater in Akihabara, from which the group's name is derived.

Release events, special events, and conventions in Akihabara give anime and manga fans frequent opportunities to meet the creators of the works they follow so closely and strengthen the connection between the region and otaku culture. The design of many of the buildings serves to create the sort of atmosphere that draws in otaku. Architects design the stores of Akihabara to be more opaque and closed to reflect the general desire of many otaku to live in their anime worlds rather than display their interests to the world at large.

Since otaku are primarily male, and because of the nature of the medium, Akihabara contains some depictions of sexualized female characters. The abundance of cosplay and maid cafés also puts young women in a position of taking requests from the male customers they serve.

Akihabara's role as a free market has also allowed a large amount of amateur work to find a passionate audience in the otaku who frequent the area. Doujinshi (amateur manga) has been growing in Akihabara since the 1970s when publishers began to drop manga that were not ready for large markets.
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