Muslim Mujahaddin Salahuddin Ayyubi

Muslim Mujahaddin Salahuddin Ayyubi - Yusuf Najmuddin bin al-Ayyubi (Arabic: يوسف بن نجم الدين) (c. 1138-March 4, 1193) was a general and the Kurdish muslim warrior from Tikrit (Northern Iraq). He founded the Ayyubid Dynasty in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, part of Mecca, Hejaz and Diyar Bakr.

He is better known by the nickname i.e., Saladin/Saladin/Salah ad-Din (Arabic: صلاح الدين الأيوبي, Kurdish: صلاح الدین ایوبی). Salahuddin is famous in the world of Muslims and Christians because of leadership, military power, and its Knights and forgiving when he fought against the Crusaders. Sultan Salahuddin Al Ayyubi was also a cleric. He provides footnotes and an assortment of explanations in the book of the hadeeth of Abu Dawood.

Background




Salahuddin came from Kurds. his father Ayyub and uncle Asaduddin Najmuddin Syirkuh hijrah (migration) left his home near Lake Fan and moved to the area of Tikrit (Iraq). Saladin was born in the fortress of Tikrit, Iraq the year 532 H/1137 CE, when his father became ruler of the Seljuks in Tikrit. Then, either the father or uncle of Imad Zanky, served the Seljuk Governor for Iraq, Mousul town. When Imad captured territory Balbek, Lebanon years 534 H/M 1139, Ayyub Najmuddin (father of Saladin) was appointed Governor of Balbek and became King of Syria's close aides Nur ad-Din Mahmud. During this, Saladin Balbek in filling his youth with acquiring techniques of war, strategy and politics. After, Saladin continued his studies in Damascus to study the Sunni Theology for ten years, in the Palace of Nur ad-Din. In 1169, Shalahudin became a vizier (counselor).

There, he inherited the role of the tough defending Egypt against the invasion of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem under the leadership of Amalrik i. Position he initially suspenseful. No one thought he could survive long in Egypt at that time many changes of Government in recent years because of the long lineage of Caliph got resistance from his Vizier. As the leader of the Syrian foreign soldiers, he also has no control of the Soldiers Previously Egypt, led by an unknown person or a weak Caliph named Al-Adid. When he died in September 1171, Saladin received the announcement of the priest by the name of Al-Mustadi, the Sunni, and most importantly, the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad, when a ceremony before Friday prayers, and the power authority easily dismiss the old bloodlines. Now Saladin ruled Egypt, but officially acting as the representative of Nur ad-Din, who in accordance with the custom of the Abbasid Caliph to know. Saladin revitalize economy reload Egypt, organized the military force, and following the advice of his father, avoiding any conflict with Nur ad-Din, an official of his master, after he became leader of the native Egypt. He waited until Nur ad-Din's death before the start of some serious military action against Muslim region: first, then direct them against the soldiers of the cross.

With Nur ad-Din's death (1174), he received the title of Sultan in Egypt. There he proclaimed the independence of the Seljuks, and he proved to be the inventor of the Ayyubid dynasty and restoring Sunni teachings to Egypt. She widened her into the West region in the maghreb, and when her uncle went to Nil to reconcile some of the rebellion from former supporters of the Fatimids, he then proceeded to the Red Sea to conquer Yemen. He also called waliullah meaning friend of God for Sunni Muslims.

Aun 559-570 H/1164-1168 m. Asaduddin since then, his uncle was appointed Prime Minister of the Fathimiyah Caliphate. After pamnnya died, the Prime Minister entrusted to Caliph Saladin.

Saladin managed to break the attack the Crusader and Byzantine Roman army which launched a second crusade against Egypt. Sultan Nur ad-Din ordered Saladin took power from the hands of Fathimiyah Caliphate and Abbasid Caliphate return to Baghdad at the start of the year 567 H/1171 M (September). After Caliph Al-Adid, the Caliph ' last Fathimiyah died then the power is fully in the hands of Saladin.

Rise to power

Later on Saladin became Vizier in 1169, and accept the difficult task of defending Egypt from Latin King of Jerusalem, Amalric I in particular. Its position is quite difficult in the beginning, few people thought he would have been long enough in Egypt considering had previously been much going on turnover of turnover of power in recent years caused a clash occurred between the kids the Caliph for the position of Vizier. As leader of Syria foreign troops, he also has no power over Shiite forces that Egypt was still under the Caliph, Al-Adid.
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